Some millions of years, some believe in Hindu religion thousands of years old. But is it true? Come, we know on the basis of birth dates of some great men, how old is Hindu religion? Hinduism begins again with the Varah Kalpa. Earlier, Padma Kalpa, Brahma Kaipa, Hiranya Garbha Kalpa and Mahat Kalpa have passed.


Guru Nanak: Hindu religion 500 years ago

Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born on 15 April 1469 and left the body on 22 September 1539. India and Hinduism were protected by all the 10 Gurus of the Guru tradition.


Baba Ramdev: Hindu religion 650 years ago

Baba Ramdev was born in 1352 AD and he took samadhi in 1385 AD. Baba, the incarnation of Dwarkadhish, is called Ramsa Pir, the Pir of Peers.


Jhulelal: Hinduism 1,000 years ago

Varun Dev was incarnated as Jhulelal to protect the Hindus of Sindh province. In Pakistan, Jhulelalji is known as Jind Pir and Lalshah. He was born in 1007 AD.


Guru Gorakshanath: Hinduism 1,100 years ago

According to Rahul Sankrityayan, the great yogi Guru Gorakshnath or Gorakhnath was born on 845 AD. There is a mention of the renovation of the temple of Guru Gorakhnath in Gorakhpur in the 9th century. Gorakhnath lived long.


Adishankara: 1,200 years ago Hinduism

Adishankaracharya reorganized Hinduism. He was born in 788 AD and in 820 AD he left the body at the age of 32. He established 4 benches. He was born in Kerala and took samadhi in Kedarnath. By the way, Adi Shankaracharya was born in 508 BCE according to the Guru Shishya tradition of the four mathas. The Shankaracharya who was born on 788 AD was Abhinav Shankara.


Emperor Harshvardhan: 1,400 years ago Hinduism

The great emperor Harshavardhana was born in 590 AD and died in 647 A.D. Harshavardhana is also believed to have invaded Arabia, but was intercepted in an area of the desert. It is mentioned in the Bhavishpurana. It was only during Harsha’s reign that the Chinese traveler came to Xuanzang.


Chandragupta II: 1,650 years ago Hinduism

Emperor Chandragupta II received the title of Vikramaditya. He ruled from 380 AD to 412 AD. Mahakavi Kalidas was the beauty of his court.


Emperor Vikramaditya: Hinduism 2,100 years ago

Vikramaditya’s father was Gandharvasen and eider brother Bhartrihari. Emperor Vikramaditya was born in 101 BCE after Kalikal passed 3,000 years. Hinduism attained great heights during his time. He was a historical man.


Acharya Chanakya: Hinduism 2,300 years ago

Chanakya was born in 371 BCE while he died in 283 BCE. Chanakya is mentioned in Mudrarakshas, Brihatkatakosh, Vayupurana, Matsyapurana, Vishnupurana, Buddhist texts Mahavansh, Jain Purana etc. Alexander’s invasion of India was at the time of Chanakya itself.


Lord Mahavir Swami: Hindu religion 2,650 years ago

Mahavir Swami, the restorer of Jainism, was born in 599 BC. He was the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism. Hinduism was the main religion of India even during his time. It was during his time that Lord Buddha (563 BC) established a new religion of his own.


Lord Parshvanath: Hinduism 2,850 years ago

The 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanath took place 250 years before Lord Mahavir Swami. It is believed that Hinduism used to be the religion of India during his time. There was a lot of peace and prosperity in India at the time of Parshvanath.


Lord Krishna: Hinduism 5,000 years ago

According to historical research, Lord Krishna was born in Mathura in 3112 BC. Arishta Neminath, the 22nd Tirthankara of Jainism, was a cousin of Lord Krishna. The Gita is the main scripture of the Hindus, which is a part of the Mahabharata.


Lord Shri Ram: Hinduism 7,000 years ago

According to research, Lord Rama was born in Ayodhya in 5114 BC. During the Punavasu Nakshatra in the sky at the time of the birth of Rama, 5 planets were in their higher position. This condition stated by Valmiki was formed 7,131 years ago.



Vaivaswat Manu: Hinduism 8,500 years ago

Vaivasvata Manu was estimated to have taken place in 6673 BC. There was a deluge during the time of these Manu. After several months spent in the boat by Vaivaswat Manu and his people, his boat came down as the water descended from the summit of Gauri-Shankar. Then the life cycle of human beings went on the earth again. This is the date of their existence in the history of Mathur.


Samrat Yayati: Hinduism 9,000 years ago

The principal 5 sons of Emperor Yayati were- 1. Puru, 2. Yadu, 3. Turvus, 4. Anu and 5. Druhu. He is called Panchananda in the Vedas. Approximately 7,200 BCE, i.e. 9,217 years ago, these five sons of Yayati ruled the whole earth. The five sons established dynasties in their own names. Yadu from Yadu, Yavan from Turvasu, Bhoja from Druhu, Nilalechha from Anu and Paurava dynasty from Puru were established. Yayati Prajapati took place in the 10th generation of Brahma.


Swayambhav Manu: Hinduism 11,000 years ago

According to the history of Mathura, Swayambhav Manu was estimated at 9057 C. Rishabhanath, the first Tirthankara of Jainism, was in the 5th generation from Swayambhuva Manu in this order – Swayambhuva Manu, Priyabrata, Agnighra, Navel and then Rishabh. Rishabhanath had 2 sons – Chakravarti Emperor Bharata and Bahubali. There are several reasons why Swayambhava Manu is considered the first human being on earth. Dharmashastra and Prachatas Manu are considered as the masters of Arthashastra. Manusmriti had associated Sanatana Dharma with the code of conduct.

Brahma: Hinduism 14,000 years ago

The total of Lord Brahma is estimated to have started around 12,000 BC. The principal sons of Brahma were – Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulah, Kritu, Bhrigu, Vasistha, Qaksha, Kandarbha, Narada, Sanak, Sanandan, Sanatana and Sanatkumar, Swayambhuva Manu and Chitragupta. Marichi’s son was the sage Kashyapa, who had hundreds of sons of gods, demons, demons, demons etc. Brahma is credited with the origin of the species.


Neil Varaha: Hinduism 16,000 years ago

It is said that around 14,000 Vikram era, that is, 15,923 years ago, Lord Neel Varaha incarnated. Neil Varaha period was followed by Adi Varaha period and then White \flaraha period. During this period, Lord Varaha removed water from the earth and made thabitable for humans. After that Brahma expanded the human race and Shiva established the kingdom of religion and justice all over the earth. Earlier people lived in Heaven or say Devlok. Although still human, but the beginning of civilization is considered from here. The times mentioned in this video are approximate and derived from the Puranas. This story of Hinduism begins with the Varaha Kalpa, whereas the  earlier history is also recorded in the Puranas, which are told through the main 5 Kalpas. The first king of Jambudweep was Swayambhav Manu.


Generations mentioned

Marichi was born from Brahmaji. Marichi’s son was Kashyap. Kashyapa’s vivaswan and vivaswan’s vaivasvata manu. Vaivasvata Manu was born in 6673 BC. Lord Rama was born in the 64th generation of the family of Vaivasvata Manu and underwent surgery in the 50th generation of Rama’s son Kush, who fought on behalf of the Kauravas in the Mahabharata. The war of Mahabharata occurred around 3000 BC.


In ancient texts, human history is divided into 5 kalpas

(1) Hamat Kalpa – 1 lakh 9800 years starting from Vikram Samvat East to 85,800 years ago

(2) Hiranya Garbha – Kalpa 85,800 Vikram Samvat East to 61,800 years ago, Brahman Kalpa 60,800 Vikram Samvat East to 37,800 years ago

(3) Brahma Kalpa 60,800 Vikram Samvat East to 37,800 years ago

(4) Padma Kalpa 37,800 Vikram Samvat East to 13,800 years ago and

(5) Varaha Ka1pa 13,800 Vikram Samvat East Starting from this time and going on till this time.


So far Varah Kalpa’s self-respecting Manu, Swarokish Manu, Uttam Manu, Tamas Manu, Raivat Manu, Chakshush Manu and Vaivasvata Manu have passed, and now the difference between Vaivasvata and Savarni Manu is on. The emergence of Savarni Manu took place 5,630 years b

The Hanuman Chalisa (Hindi pronunciation: [ɦənʊmaːn tʃaːliːsaː]; literally Forty chaupais on Hanuman) is a Hindu devotional hymn (stotra) addressed to God Hanuman. We all chant Hanuman Chalisa without knowing its spiritual and scientific benefits. We even don’t know its Author. The article highlights all these  issues.

The authorship of the Hanuman Chalisa is attributed to Tulsidas, a poet-saint who lived in the 16th century CE. He mentions his name in the last verse of the hymn. It is said in the 39th verse of the Hanuman Chalisa that whoever chants it with full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman’s grace. Among Hindus worldwide, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Chalisa invokes Hanuman’s divine intervention in grave problems.


Tulsidas (1497/1532–1623) was a Hindu poet-saint, reformer and philosopher renowned for his devotion for Rama. A composer of several popular works, he is best known for being the author of the epic Ramcharitmanas, a retelling of the Ramayana in the vernacular Awadhi language. Tulsidas was acclaimed in his lifetime to be a reincarnation of Valmiki, the composer of the original Ramayan in Sanskrit. Tulsidas lived in the city of Varanasi until his death. The Tulsi Ghat in Varnasi is named after him. He founded the Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple dedicated to Hanuman in Varanasi, believed to stand at the place where he had the sight of Hanuman. Tulsidas started the Ramlila plays, a folk-theatre adaption of the Ramayan. He has been acclaimed as one of the greatest poets in HindiIndian, and World literature. The impact of Tulsidas and his works on the art, culture and society in India is widespread and is seen to date in vernacular language, Ramlila plays, Hindustani classical music, popular music, and television series.

The power of the words of Hanuman Chalisa has been prevalent since time immemorial. The Hanuman Chalisa has several significant instances other than being a strength symbol. It signifies various purposes of life along with highlighting death rituals according to the Hindu customs.

Historic relation – Story behind Hanuman Chalisa

Once Tulsidas went to meet Aurangzeb. The emperor mocked Tulsidas and challenged him to show the lord to him. The poet ingeniously replied that seeing Rama was not possible without true devotion. As a result, he was imprisoned by Aurangzeb. Tulsi Das is thought to have written the magnificent verses of the Hanuman Chalisa in that prison. It is said that an army of monkeys menaced Delhi as soon as Tulsidas finished his ode and recited the same.

The string of verses in the chant tell the story of devotion and submission of Hanuman to Lord Ram. He believed in a very strong form of worship that lied in serving the Lord. All his acts of such devotion are immortalised in the Chalisa, “Chalis” meaning forty. Several of his acts of selfless service, including the time when Hanuman carries the entire mountain containing “sanjeevanibuti”, the magical herb to cure Lakshman, are mentioned in the verses. He traverses across the oceans in search for Sita to leave a token of the Lord for her. All these acts of bravery and selflessness symbolise the strength that these verses contain.

Hanuman Chalisa is a timeless ode to devotion. Lord Hanuman is known for his devotion to Lord Ram and is considered to be the embodiment of faith, surrender and devotion.

The strength of the Chalisa

Creating the picture of an ideal devotee, the Hanuman Chalisa casts Hanuman as the ideal embodiment of a dedicated devotee. It preaches an eternal feeling of love and sacrifice, holding the God in your heart at all times. Going back to the history of the esteemed Hanuman Chalisa, it is said that whoever chants the Chalisa in undying devotion to Hanuman will acquire his grace & strength and rescue to solve all the troubles. It involves miraculous interventions in everyday problems and those to do with the evil.

According to the Indian history, Hanuman intervened in all the problems Lord Ram faced. The strength that the verses evoke can bring about life changing alterations provided there exists a complete faith and devotion of the great devotee Hanuman.

Where is Lord Hanuman living now?

We have known about his existence since Treta Yuga that saw the emergence of Lord Rama and then in Dwapar Yuga, the era of Krishna. We are now living in Kalyuga. Outside most Hanuman Temples (especially the ancient ones) we will find monkeys.

What are the benefits of Hanuman Chalisa

  • Dedicated recitals of Hanuman Chalisa can one overcome the trauma of bad experiences.
  • Those suffering from stress should read Hanuman Chalisa to feel relaxed and in control of life.
  • For those seeking enlightenment, reading Hanuman Chalisa can help gain wisdom and spiritual knowledge.
  • Reading Hanuman Chalisa every morning helps you de-stress.
  • Hanuman Chalisa helps your mind feel more relaxed.
  • Hanuman Chalisa helps you stay happy all day.
  • It is believed that reading Hanuman Chalisa before any trip prevents any accidents or mishappenings and have a safe trip.
  • It is believed that reciting Hanuman Chalisa can also help in retransformation, may promote positivity and help in keeping bad company away.

 Hanuman Chalisa have astrological significance

  • Hanuman Chalisa has astrological significance as well. It is found to be deeply successful in controlling the malefic impacts of Saturn’s transit or Saturn’s major or minor periods. Those under the negative impact of the planet will discover incredible help and advantage with the regular recitation of the Chalisa 8 times on a Saturday.
  • Those with mangal dosha or are Manglik should recount this Chalisa for beneficial results. Positive characteristics of Mars-like quality, mental fortitude, unstoppable soul and vitality are guzzled through reciting the Chalisa.

It is believed that in one of these verses of Hanuman Chalisa, Tulasidasa had given an accurate calculation of the distance between the Sun and Earth.

The Quest of Astronomers to find the distance of Sun

The Greek Astronomers were known for their contribution to the scientific field in understanding the heavenly bodies.

  • Archimedes, an ancient Greek Mathematician and Philosopher of the 3rd century BC, estimated the distance of Sun from Earth as 10000 times the radius of Earth.
  • Later, Hipparchus (2nd century BC) gave an estimate of 490 times the radius of Earth.
  • Ptolemy considered the distance to be 1210 times the radius of Earth.

However, Johannes Kepler (1571–1630), a German Mathematician and Astronomer realized that these estimates were significantly low. Kepler’s law of Planetary Motion allowed astronomers to calculate the relative distance of the planets from Sun. This was also aided by the invention of telescope in the beginning of the 17th century which helped them to get more accurate measurements.

However, Johannes Kepler (1571–1630), a German Mathematician and Astronomer realized that these estimates were significantly low. Kepler’s law of Planetary Motion allowed astronomers to calculate the relative distance of the planets from Sun. This was also aided by the invention of telescope in the beginning of the 17th century which helped them to get more accurate measurements.

However the most modern calculations in 20th century estimate the distance to be somewhere around 23455 times the radius of Earth (149,431,805 kms assuming radius of Earth to be 6371 kms)

Srila Prabhupada writes in one of his purports

Modern scientific calculations are subject to one change after another, and therefore they are uncertain. We have to accept the calculations of the Vedic literature. These Vedic calculations are steady; the astronomical calculations made long ago and recorded in the Vedic literature are correct even now. Whether the Vedic calculations or modern ones are better may remain a mystery for others, but as far as we are concerned, we accept the Vedic calculations to be correct.

According to modern calculation

Average distance between the Sun and Earth =149 million kms = 92 million miles.

However, the orbit of the Earth is not a perfect circle, but an ellipse. Sometimes the Earth is closer to the Sun and sometimes it is farther.

Shortest distance between Sun and Earth (perihelion) = 91 million miles = 147 million kms (early January)

Longest distance between Sun and Earth (aphelion) = 94.5 million miles = 152 million kms (early July)

It is surprising to note that Tulasidasa who lived in 16th century could give the most accurate estimation that is very close to the estimation by 20th century astronomers.

Shortest distance between Sun and Earth (perihelion) = 91 million miles = 147 million kms (early January)

Longest distance between Sun and Earth (aphelion) = 94.5 million miles = 152 million kms (early July)

 Let us decipher the calculation in Hanuman Chalisa…

Hanuman, in his childhood, assuming the Sun to be a ripe mango, jumped to catch it. Tulasidasa recounts this incident in his Hanuman Chalisa as follows:

yuga-sahasra-yojana para bhanu
leelyo tahi madhura phala janu

Considering the Sun to be a sweet fruit, Hanuman jumped to swallow it.

Here the distance he travelled is mentioned as yuga-sahasra-yojana. Let us try to decipher this.

What is a yuga? According to Bhagavad-gita, one day of Brahma is called kalpa and is equal to 1000 yugas and this is followed by a similar duration of night.

ratrim yuga-sahasrantamte ‘ho-ratra-vidojanah

1 yuga = 4,320,000 years = 12000 divine years

(1 divine year = 360 years according to human calculation)

This is also confirmed in Manu-samhita: etad dvaadasha sahasram devanam yugamuchyate

According to the above verse from Hanuman Chalisa, the distance between Sun and Earth is

yuga-sahasra-yojana = 12000 x 1000 yojanas.

Yojana is a Vedic measure of distance and approximately equals to 8 miles (according to the 14th century scholar Parameshvara, the originator of drgganita system). And 1 mile = 1.60934 kilometers.

According to the calculation presented in Hanuman Chalisa

Distance between Sun and Earth = 12000 x 1000 yojanas = 96 million miles = 153.6 million kms, which is much closer to the calculation of the modern scientists.

The assumptions we have made in the above calculations are as follows:

  1. We assumed yuga to mean the number 12000 based on the time calculation system of Vedic period based on the statement from Bhagavad-gita and Manu Samhita.
  2. We approximated 1 yojana = 8 miles based on what Srila Prabhupada has mentioned in his purports. However there is still disagreement among scholars as to whether it is 5 miles or 8 miles. Some other calculations indicate values ranging from 7.6 miles to 8.5 miles.

But it is astonishing that Tulasidasa mentioned the distance to this level of accuracy as early as in 16th century when the Western astronomers, with the help of telescope, were trying to figure out the distance.

In Hanuman Chalisa,- it is said :
“Yug sahastra yojan per Bhanu!
Leelyo taahi madhur phal janu!!

1 Yug = 12000 years
1 Sahastra = 1000
1 Yojan = 8 Miles

Yug x Sahastra x Yojan = par Bhanu
12000 x 1000 x 8 miles = 96,000,000 miles

1 mile = 1.6kms

96,000,000 miles x 1.6kms = 1,536,000,000 kms / 96,000,000 miles to Sun

NASA has said that, it is the exact distance between Earth and Sun (Bhanu).
Which proves Hanuman Ji did jump to Sun,
thinking it as a sweet fruit (Madhur phal).

It is really interesting how accurate and meaningful our ancient scriptures are.

Unfortunately barely it is recognized, interpreted accurately or realized by any in today’s time.

 Here are some spiritual benefits of the reciting the Hanuman Chalisa:

It is believed among Hindus that reciting Hanuman Chalisa calls upon Hanuman’s involvement in critical problems and helps wards off evil spirits and negative energy.

  1. Recital of the Hanuman Chalisa helps reduce the effects of Sade Sati and helps those suffering due to Saturn if they read Hanuman Chalisa on Saturday for peace and prosperity.
  2. Hanuman Chalisa can help those troubled with nightmares if they place the Chalisa under their pillow before sleeping.
  3. Reading Hanuman Chalisa is beneficial if one wants to get rid of the karmic effects of the bad deeds done in the past.
  4. Reciting Hanuman Chalisa helps people who have been distracted by a bad company. It helps in the reformation of those fallen prey to objectionable habits.
  5. It eliminates disagreements and promotes unanimity and contentment. Reciting Hanuman Chalisa promotes harmony and eliminates unnecessary arguments by making one aware.
  6. Reciting the opening verses of the Hanuman Chalisa helps one get rid of the bad deeds done in the previous and present birth.
  7. The benefits of chanting or listening to Hanuman Chalisa are infinite and incredible. It is believed that if a devotee recites these 40 verses with pure devotion and focus, he or she gets rewarded and all the wishes come true. Regular recitation of the Chalisa bestows you with the Lord’s blessings and grace you with glorious powers.
  8. It also cures small lifestyle ailments such as headache, sleeplessness, anxiety, depression etc.
  9. It kills laziness and procrastination and makes one more efficient.
  10. Daily recitation of Hanuman Chalisa with dedication and devotion eliminate all sorts of disagreements and arguments in a family and promotes unanimity, contentment, happiness and peace in life.
  11. One the verses from Hanuman Chalisa reads as “Bhoot Pichash Nikat nahi aaven, mahavir jab naam sunave” which can be translated to – no evil spirit can affect a person who takes the name of Lord Hanuman and recites Hanuman Chalisa at the top of their voice. It removes all sort of negativity from the mind and soul of the family members and brings peace and harmony within the family.

When to chant Hanuman Chalisa

Hanuman Chalisa can be recited both in the morning and evening. It takes not more than 10 minutes to read this beautiful hymn. It is said that each verse or chaupai has its own significance. If one is unable to read all 40 verses, then one can choose to recite only certain ones to suit their needs.

  • For removal of bad karma- first opening verse
  • Wisdom and strength – second opening verse
  • Attainment of divine knowledge – 1ST verse
  • Removal of bad company and habits – 3rd verse
  • Cultivation of devotion – verses 7 and 8
  • Protection from poisons and snake bites – 11th verse
  • Removes misunderstanding between sons and daughters –

12th verse

  • To gain fame – 13th – 15th verse
  • Recovery of lost status, promotion in jobs- 16th -17th verse
  • Remove obstacles; accomplish difficult tasks – 20th verse
  • Protection from adverse planetary influences – 22nd verse
  • Protection from black magic and evil spirits – 24th verse
  • To achieve good health -25th verse
  • Liberation from crisis – 26th verse
  • Fulfillment of desires – 27th – 28th verses
  • Victory over enemies – 30th verse
  • Occult powers and wealth – 31st verse
  • To follow ethics and have a fulfilling life – 32nd -35th verses,
  • For mental peace – 36th verse
  • For grace of Lord Hanuman – 37th verse

More significantly, when the Chalisa is read at night times, it wards off evil forces from one`s life and removes the sins committed knowingly or unknowingly. It is believed that those who have major tasks to be achieved should recite these verses 1008 times on an auspicious night of Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday or on moola star day. One will have all obstacles removed in the way of good life and also get the protection and grace of Hanuman when recited at night. The famous yogi saint of Northern India, Neem Karoli Baba asked his devotees to recite Hanuman Chalisa during difficult times.

………. To be continued

If you see all the religions of world, you will find that Sanatan Dharma is the most tolerant and lenient because we follow the principles of “Vasudev Kutambhkam” and that’s why we welcomed everyone. People came to Bharat in the name of doing business and later on betrayed and encroached on our land. They partly succeeded in defeating some of our kings due to many reasons few of which were; weak kings in some states, non-unity amongst rulers of different States, excessive tolerance and avoiding the apparent threats, treating and considering everyone of high moral values and trustworthy etc.

Above all the main reasons were our religious sentiments and cultural values. In Sanatan philosophy we believe in respecting others, specifically we treated “Atithiti Devo Bhav:” and provided status of God to our guest because of which we never doubted the integrity of visitors coming to our country. Seeing our simplicity, hospitality and weaknesses, such visitors dared to think about capturing our country. At that time Bharat was not united and different kings were ruling various states. Transportation facilities were not available and hence friendship amongst kings were restricted up to neighboring States only. The only medium of communication or sending information was through messengers and which used to take a lot of time. So, whenever invaders attacked some state, sending message and seeking help from friendly states could not happen early and hence we lost states one by one. Only capable and brave kings could win and save their states.

It is pertinent to mention here that biggest lie of the world i.e. Mughals ruled Bharat for 800 years was taught to us, which is totally false. Communist writers wrote such false history just to demoralize us. If you search you will find that the Mughals never ruled whole of Bharat at any point of time. Although they ruled Delhi but even at that time there were many kings who were ruling bigger states or areas. Mughals could not win the whole of Bharat and the areas under their rule was scattered and kept changing hands.

This false lie created a fear amongst the mind of people as if Mughals were much powerful whereas the reality was they won maximum battles due to betrayal of our people only. After independence the communist lobby which wrote the history books just praised Mughals and Britishers and down played the role of our brave rulers. When you don’t know the true history of your great warriors/ancestors you cannot fight with liars.

Tolerance is an integral part of our culture and fear does not hold any place. We remained unaware and this tolerance converted into unseen fear with the passage of time. Actually, our upbringing was such that we never fought with any one because we followed varn system in which only kshatriya were supposed to be fighters. This mentality resulted into making us fearful and on the other hand the false stories narrating others as heroes had also impacted our mindset.

Though we have taught our children the stories of Dwarkadheesh (Lord Krishna who narrated Gita) and his preaching’s about non-tolerance of excesses of any sort but what our ancestors did? They taught us stories of Kanhaiya playing flute and dancing with Gopis. A person’s personality reflects his upbringing and whatever he sees during his childhood becomes part of his personality. The fighting spirit of our great warriors could not be inculcated into coming generations due to wrong interpretations of our sculptures.

The flaw in personality showed it’s impact at the time of independence when great visionary like Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar asked for whole transfer of population and another greedy leader preferred to just grab the power chair instead of listening him. One wrong decision can make the life hell is apparent today as we see the dominance and aggression of a particular community which instead of being thankful, is preparing to divide the country again.

They are behaving like a naughty child who is pampered by parents for every wrong act. Now to control that child you need to shed your fear and tolerance and show your bravery without which nothing will happen. Every one respect only a powerful person. You will rarely find anyone respecting a weak person.

Unless you show your bravery these illiterate and uneducated people will not refrain from committing sins. Once you show your power/ strength they will sit silently until they acquire majority and once they are in majority there will be no place for you in your own country. They are claiming every right saying they ruled the country for 800 years and we don’t counter them even though our ancestors were here since time immortal.

You have every right to disagree but the truth is that your tolerance is considered as your weakness and fear. Tolerance does have some limits and the day it crossed the limits there will be hue and cry only. So, it is better to control the things before they become worst. If you want to give your children a peaceful place to live you will have to act now.

Another problem with us is we being law abiding citizens expect the same from everyone whereas the other party does not believe in that philosophy, which they are clearly and openly saying again and again and you have closed your eyes.

Are the statements of one leader called Akbarrudin Owaisi from Hyderabad asking for removal of police for 10 minutes to show their strength to Hindus, Maullana Madni openly saying in media briefing that they will demolish the Ram Temple, immediately after Supreme Court judgement and the actions of some leaders during Delhi and Bangalore riots not enough to open your eyes and even after watching exodus of Kashmiri Pandits, condition of Hindus in Mewat, Kairana, Dasna, West Bengal, Kerala etc.?

If you don’t wake up from your deep slumber even now then note it that no one will be there to save you. Don’t expect everything to be done by the Government because it will not be possible to control this unruly mob unless you take the responsibility to save yourself. Even the constitution of India gives you liberty to act in self-defense and save your precious life. I don’t ask for doing anything against anyone. I just want to tell you to ensure safety of your family and to take every necessary step in that direction so that at the time of need you don’t feel helpless as the people of Delhi or Bangalore felt during riots.

The community which have weapons in every home for preparing their daily dishes needs nothing extra to save themselves but what about you? In your house you cannot find a knife to slice apple even what to talk of self-defense. In old times people used to have sticks in their homes to control animals but today you cannot find it in any house.

Most importantly please send your children to self-defense coaching classes so that atleast they are able to save themselves in case of any exigency. My motive is not to provoke anyone or against any particular community but this is just to awaken you to make arrangements so as to save youself and your family, keeping in view the recent incidents.


The struggle for survival is nature’s gift. But a struggle for identity indicates some fundamental contradiction. Pakistan is a country which was born out of hate and deceit and gradually evolved as a cannibalizing society for its own citizens. A society that proposes only to destroy itself.

If one were look into Pakistan’s history, some of the earliest to have called for Nation for Indian Muslims were Syed Ahmad Khan, Mohammad Iqbal, Rehmat Ali and Mohammad Ali Jinnah. All of them were votaries of a Strong India when the British decimated the Mughals and banished the Muslim elite from Governance leading to mass impoverishment and disenfranchisement. The era from 1707 to 1920 was that of wilderness and darkness for these unidentified groups within Nation called India. It was Mahatma Gandhi who provided them with much needed oxygen by mainstreaming a religious cause called Khilafat movement absolutely unrelated to Nation of India

By 1940, they had put themselves together and were able to coin a name of a nation called Pakistan which had Urdu, Persian and Pashto connotations. The origin of the nation`s name was in itself an infringement upon originality. No historical assertion and no cultural bonding existed with the name.

In the 1946 election over 90% of the Muslim populace voted for the Muslim League supporting its demand to create an Islamic state in India by the name of Pakistan, but when Jinnah created Pakistan he left a sizeable population in India and refused to accept them as their own citizens.  Yet a few million managed to make the journey to their promised pure land only to be branded as second grade Urdu speaking Mohajirs. The city of Karachi was systematically underinvested in and discriminated against and left to rot as its capital status was snatched in favor of the Hindko-Punjabi majority city of Islamabad only because of its status as a Mohajir majority city. The plight of the Mohajir community is all the more poignant since Pakistan was enabled financially in its first few years because the mercantile Muslim communities like the Memons, the Khojas and the Ismailis, who were willing to give up their income to fund the infant Pakistan state machinery yet were rewarded with persecution, oppression and exile. Today, most Mohajirs belonging to the Ismaili and Bohra sects of Islam have been exiled out of their adopted homeland and similar fate awaits those of the other communities.

The demand for a utopian search of purity has been such that even the minority sect of Ahmadiyyas have been branded as non-Muslims by a constitutional amendment no less and are lynched upon and expelled from towns and cities for such non-existent crimes as calling their places of worship masjids. The Ismailis are all but apostates in the eyes of the surrounding society and have been systematically reduced to being a minority in their demographic strongholds in Gilgit-Baltistan, which is only marginally better than the fate of the Hazaras and other Shia communities who are being arrested and branded as Kafirs simply for carrying out their Muharram processions and reciting their Ashura prayers.  The Baloch, despite being Sunni, are being oppressed, exiled and murdered for their reasonable demands for autonomy, preservation of cultural identity, and equality in access to natural resources. The list is simply too long if we talk about Pakistan’s other communities.

Despite having a cultural and civilization identity of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, their academic curriculum could not discover and educate their posterity about their original identity. They rather tried to make them acquainted with Mughal and Afghan Kings. While Turk, Mughals, Arab and Afghans never accepted Pakistani as of their lineage, the Pakistani continue to beg them for their own identity. Pakistanis changed their name, dress, food habits, as well as their social fabric and rejected their folk lore only to find their acceptance as foot soldiers and cannon fodder in the brutal fratricidal war of the Arabian Desert.  Pakistanis were employed as mere laborers in Middle East on a similar social pedestal like their Bangladeshi Muslim counterparts.

The political narrative of Pakistan since inception was built upon an anti-India rhetoric hovering around Kashmir. In order to gain religious legitimacy in the Islamic world, they have upped their ante on the Israel-Palestinian conflict and have successfully brainwashed themselves into believing that any failure of Pakistan is a product of an international conspiracy of the Yahood (Jews) and the Hanood (Hindus). The Middle East’s refusal to acknowledge let alone support the Kashmir bogeyman has eroded this political chicanery.  The abortive attempt of intellectualizing letter “K” in the word Pakistan with Kashmir has eroded the Mohammed Ali Jinnah’s credentials. Citizen are only slowly realizing now the fake narrative of their political masters. A nation that survives on the donation of the Middle East finds no words to defend its political position before an uneducated illiterate citizen today.

With the arrival of Covid-19, oil-dependent economies find themselves in dire straits. The Middle East has forgotten its servile attendant’s needs. Saudi’s demand for returning over $ 6.2 billion has left Pakistan in an existential crisis. A modern nation’s survival depends on two primary pillars: – Food security and energy security. Today Pakistan has slipped below the threshold on both basic parameters.

How long Pakistan will survive as nation on the world map is in the hand of ethnic minorities of Baluchistan, Sindh, Pakhtunistan and Gilgit-Baltistan. It is in the interest of world peace that the incomplete division of Pakistan with Bangladesh be completed among all its ethnic groups under the leadership of UNO to give the matter a peaceful rest.

Hari Singh Nalwa – A Legendary name and A Great Sikh Warrior of late medieval history is one of the most unsung Sikh warriors today. His contribution into defending the North Western frontier and his successful military expedition into remotest region of modern days Afghanistan is unparalleled till this date.

Hari Singh Nalwa was the Commander In chief of Sikh Khalsa Fauj – the Army of Sikh Empire under the leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He was born in the village of Gujranwala in the Majha region of Punjab in a Sanatani family of Late Shree Gurdial Singh Jee (father) and Late Srimati Dharm Kaur in the Year 1791.  His mission to defend Hindu-Sikh Samaj and expand the Khalsa Empire went unchallenged until his last day when he finally departed for his heavenly abode on 1837.

Hari Singh Nalwa is one of the most ferociously brave and honoured Sikh Warrior of the mother India. To those who have researched and known the war history, he could be one of the bravest warriors ever the world had seen. During a lifetime of innumerable military expeditions, he remained invincible in his martial capacity despite limited state resource and hostile surroundings.

Unfortunately, the life and achievement of Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee is not taught in the School and college curriculum which could have redefined the Sikh Valour and Self-esteem.

Hari Singh Nalwa will be remembered in the history for having established the Khalsa Raj in the region of Kasur, Sialkot, Attock, Multan, Kashmir, Peshawar and Jamrud.  He not only had successful Military expeditions in Peshawar but also ensured the Khalsa Raj expanded into territory as north as into the Khyber Pass.


The generations of today who have not heard and read of inhospitable terrain and treacherous tribal of North Western region should learn and realize that all the so called invincible tribes like Saddozai of Mankera, Pathan forces of Afghanistan, Durranis of Attock, Barakzai of Kabul and Peshwar, Yusafzai tribes of trans-Indus region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Afridi of Khyber were decimated and subjugated under the Commander ship of Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee.

The great military expedition and untold victory of Commander is only comparable to the might of another general Bappa Rawal of Mewar Dynasty in this region. The untold bravery of these two Indian Kings Bappa Rawal and Sardar Hari Singh Jee never forms the part of Indian Academic Curriculum. We will soon bring another short E –book on another great warrior Bappa Rawal soon.

Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee was anointed as Khalsa Governor for the Kashmir Peshwar and Hazara by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, where he minted Nanakshahi Rupee and Govindshahi Rupee Coins in the year 1837 and collected Revenue, which was later confiscated and stopped from circulation by the British East India Company.

Coin issued by Hari Singh minted in Peshawar dated 1837.


1807 Battle of Kasur 1821 Battle of Mangal 
1808 Battle of Sialkot 1822 Battle of Mankera 
1813 Battle of Attock 1823 Battle of Nowshera (Naushehra)
1814  Battle of  Kashmir  Abortive 1824 Battle of Sirikot
1816 Conquest Mahmudkot  Muzaffargarh 1827 Battle of Saidu
1818 Battle of Multan  1834 Occupation of  Peshawar 
1818 Peshawar becomes tributary  1835 Peshawar – Mohammad Khan flees 
1818 Mitha Tiwana becomes his jagir  1836 Victory on Jamrud (Khyber Pass)
1819 Kashmir becomes part of Khalsa Empire 1836 Panjtaar defeated
1819 Battle of Pakhli  1837 Battle of Jamrud 


These are the list of 20 major battle that Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee commandeered and decimated his rival. His era had successfully instilled sense of relief and peace among Hindu Sikh society of North especially in Afghanistan and Kashmir.


Among the earliest of his battles, the Sardar was only 17 years old and had displayed the bravery of his nerve in the ferociously fought battle of Kasur in 1807. The military expedition in the region of Multan to Peshwar from 1818 to 1834 is an untold ravelling story of bravery and unparalleled ferocity. Despite being outnumbered in a ratio of 1: 10 against the enemy, Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee never lost a battle in his lifetime.

The commander was an able administrator who crushed the turbulent enemy with iron fist. His banned Cow Slaughter and imposed heavy penalty up to death to those who disobeyed Religious belief of Sanatan Samaj. The fear of Sardar Nalwa Jee was such that not a whisper against the State command arose from the local unruly tribes until then known for the turbulence and revolt in the valley of Peshawar and Kashmir

Hari Singh Nalwa died fighting a battle with enemy at Jamrud in Afghanistan. He was cremated in the Jamrud Fort built in the Khyber Pass in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Babu Gajju Mall Kapur, a Hindu resident of Peshawar built a memorial of his bravery and sacrifice in the fort in the year 1892.

He was a visionary who built series of Sikh fort in that Trans Indus region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Nowshera, Kabul, Peshawar and Attock and in Kashmir. He built the fortified town of Haripur in 1822 which was the first city of contemporary era with having water distribution system. He built scores of majestic and utility driven constructions like forts, watch towers, gurdwaras, water tanks, temples, towns, sarais in across his administrative region.

A religious man, Nalwa built Gurdwara Panja Sahib in the town of Hassan Abdal, south-west of Haripur and north-west of Rawalpindi in Pakistan to commemorate Guru Nanak’s journey through that region. He had donated the gold required to cover the dome of the Akal Takht within the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar

In 2014, Billionaires Australia considered Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa Jee as to be one of the greatest conquerors in the History of the world. It is misfortune for the passing generation of Sanatan Samaj that such inspiring stories were concealed from the young generation.

In the 20th century, the song Mere Desh Ki Dharti from the 1967 Bollywood film Upkaar eulogises him. Amar Chitra Katha later on published the biography of Hari Singh Nalwa in 1978.  On April 30, 2013 Government of India also released a commemorative postage stamp honouring Hari Singh.

Yet the greatest medieval warrior on the pious land of Bharat is still not remembered by the general masses who have much to learn from his life and much to emulate from him in terms of his personal conduct and character.



Historians are the conscience keeper for any civilization. These historians have played a great role in shaping the narrative for posterity. But Irony, it has power to idolize a villain and demonize a hero even.

The cartel of world`s left historians even made tyrants like Joseph Stalin, Mao-tse-tung and Polpot the three blood sucking demons who killed more citizens of their nation then Hitler and Mussolini put together, as custodians of public rights with human face. A generation of young gullible minds world over are the victims of these fake historians who conspired to cartelize and radicalize universities, publishing houses, NGO and armchair activists for sinister design.

India could not remain unaffected post-independence from such fake historians, who had an agenda to write not history to write. Umpteen nationalist characters were maligned and fake story tellers were drafted to ornate villains. And even worse than worst could have been the story of Tipu Sultan.

A persecutor of Christian and Hindu, plunderer of Church and Temple and a like primitive fanatics who used circumcision, rape, torture and death as instrument of religious conversion was an agent of France, Afghanistan and Turkey in India. He conspired to create an extension of French empire by inviting and fighting alongside to establish a French colony. His nearest colonial cousin could be a traitor Mir Jafar of Bengal who invited British and deceived India.

Had Tipu been successful in his ambition, he certainly would have brought India under French rule in place of British. The role of two traitors Mir Jafar and Tipu Sultan were all alike. One floored for British and another was footman for France/Afghanistan.

Indian fake historians very decisively and discreetly removed the historical facts and conspiracy of Tipu Sultan against the Land of India and Indian interest. It is documents and correspondence preserved and available in other nations that only can reveal the extent of Tipu`s plan to get India enslaved to foreign powers.

There is no secret how Tipu sent his emissary to the court of French King Louis XVI (1788) begging for his mercenary to move and attack India. He appeased him by offering his loyal service and employing his war hero as his military advisors. His frenetic effort to persuade Napoleon to invade India after Egypt (1798) is well documented in the world historical archives. In between, not finding a timely response from France, Tipu conspired with Zaman Shah Durrani the Afghanistan King and Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid (1787) in Turkey to create an Islamic force against Maratha.

Tipu Sultan remains notorious for its religious and sectarian persecution against Syrian Christian, Coorg and Travancore Hindu in Kerala Specially. But few historians like Irfan Habib, Mohibul Hassan overlooked the Tipu alliance with foreign power and his dishonest treatment of contemporary India.

It is such an unpleasant record for our generation, where the victory of Mir Jafar brought British and the loss of Tipu Sultan dispelled France from India. So similar and so demoniac.

The serene and peaceful south India had a history of Valor and resilience of Great Harihar and Bukka who stood tall for its Vijay Nagar Empire. The great nation Builder Rajendra Chola who spread his authority and control far up to Indonesia.

On this pious land a faceless traitor was recreated with a nationalist outlook in the fake historian books. It is before that masses misappropriate this Mir Jafar of South India, record should be set straight.



Ahom Dynasty – A Kingdom- With Divinity. 

(1228 AD to 1838 AD)

Who can recapitulate the history of a Kingdom which boasts of uninterrupted administrative and political success without interruption for 600 years and 41 Kings? Yes, Ahom (1228 AD to 1838 AD) dynasty is the longest surviving dynasty of documented India.  Despite this amazing continuity, our modern academia and public intellectuals deceitfully conspired to erase the marvels and contours of such a magnificent and longest surviving dynasty of India.

Besides being a political and administrative grandeur, It is one of the most fascinating stories of cultural and civilizational integration within the diverse groups of India. Until the advent of Abrahamic religions, i.e., Islam and Christianity, Indian society had been extremely peaceful, inclusive and permeable.  India has proved itself to be a great melting point where integration based on the concept of togetherness and collaboration has happened on a scale which is unparalleled in world history.  It is especially relevant in context to Ahom, as Ahom had travelled across the mountains of North east crossed Patkai Mountains and settled in the Brahmaputra Valley carrying a different language and different cultural background. They integrated with local customs, civilization, diverse tribal people and adopted the local language and traditions and integrated with the Sanatan belief system.  Something unheard elsewhere even in the remotest part of the world.

The Ahom (1228 AD to 1838 AD) journey is fascinating as it is another illustrious chapter in the history of India. Glorious moments like Magadha and Ahom were evolving forms of governance that we witnessed but sadly failed to document for our posterity. We will discuss this in our next E-book.

Ahom arrived in India in the pious land of Assam crossing the Patkai Mountains somewhere around the 12th century.  The Ahom were warriors – Indefatigable and insurmountable. In no time they integrated an otherwise scattered and distributed local population under the leadership of Sukaphaa, a Shan prince of Mong Mao and established the great Ahom Dynasty in 1228.

North-eastern India is rugged mountain terrain with a multitude of local tribal populations with huge diversity. And building an empire and governing for 600 years was no ordinary administrative skill. Yet the martial spirit of Ahom was such that it integrated and assimilated themselves for rest of time and governed this mountain terrain for the next 600 years through 41 successive Kings.

Among some of the Governing Skill that Ahoms introduced and followed were as pragmatic as of today`s Scientific society.

  • The tradition was that the King shall be anointed by the concurrence of four Mantris (Appointment committee).
  • In the event of an unsuitable candidate, The Kingdom can run without King even. Yes there were brief periods in the 14th century when No King was anointed and the Kingdom was administered through the Council of Ministers.
  • Beyond appointment, King could even be removed by the Council of Ministers in the passage of an event unacceptable to the kingdom.

This was the administrative acumen unheard of in those medieval days.     

Suhungmung (1497–1539) The Hindu Influence on Ahom originated around this time and Hindu God like Indra (Lord of Heaven) got prominence in daily worship. Hereafter the Ahoms kings were titled as Swargadeo`s (Lord of Heaven). A sanctity of divinity was attached to the kingdom.

Sukhaamphaa Khora Rojaa (1552–1603) – Hindu Astrology as a subject of abstract knowledge was recognized. Later the state institutionalized its learning only to augment it to a great future in the course of time.

Pratap Singha (1603–1641) patronized Hinduism and started appointing a Brahmin family as the Kingdom’s diplomats. As many as 13 such examples have been recorded, who were patronized by the state to bring up new such institutional orders.

Jayadhwaj Singha (1648-63) was the first Ahom king who himself accepted the path of Hinduism and spread the religion far and wide among all the tribal world. He went on to mint coins in Sanskrit, Devanagari and Assamese characters.

Defeat of Mughal made umpteen attempts to enter the north east and as many as 17 attempts are recorded where they were summarily defeated and humiliated.  One of the recorded losses was of Governor of West Bengal Mir Jumla who invaded North east in 1659. The Ahom were a class apart. They lured him to follow inside the mountain terrain and finally slaughtered them with their entire Army inside the valley. He was later buried in an area around Assam Meghalaya. Modern Historians deceitfully failed to record the bravery of these Mountain warriors.

Retreat of Portuguese and Dutch naval forces, who anchored in the Bay of Bengal too tried to engage with Ahom in the northeast and met with stiff resistance eventually to retreat.

General Lachit Barphukan

The battle of Saraighat in 1671 between Ahom and Mughal General Ram Singh a disgraced Hindu traitor recorded as one of the most ferociously fought battles in those days. Mughal had a huge army and Ahom were led by their brilliant General Lachit Barphukanm who was an inspiring hero for Assam. Mughal employed treachery, duplicity and deceit to create a favourable situation in the war. The mountain valour had no match. The huge army of Mughals was crushed. Ram Singh ran away to save his life. The humiliated Mughals never returned to the north east thereafter.

In memory of the excellence of General Lachit Barphukan, The best passing out cadet of the National Defence Academy is conferred the Lachit  Borphukan Gold Medal every year.

Lachit Borphukan finally set for heavenly abode in 1672 near Jorhat. His mortal remains now rest in Lachit Maidaan constructed in 1672 by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha at some 16 KM awat from Jorhat.

King Rudra Singha  (1696-1714) A very popular king who installed a great Temple of Lord Vishnu and Joysagar tank in Sivasagar, the capital of Ahom Kingdom.

Purandhar Singha (1818-19, 1833-38) the legacy of Ahom started to decline due to structural fatigue and natural decadence. The last King Purandhar Singha struggled and fought bravely until the kingdom of Burma conquered Sivsagar and thus the great story of 41 Kings and 600 years wrote its last administrative chapter. Yet the Cultural and Social integration that Ahom brought to North east became the founding pillar of Modern India`s idea of unity and integration amidst diversity.

Legendary Ahom wrote an inexpungible stories of glorious 600 years and 41 king. Modern left historians however deceitfully concealed the valour and might of this dynasty from history books.


No one knows who those seven were waiting to evacuate Nazibullah in Plane at tarmac? And no one knows the role of UNO and what negotiation happened? No one knows why Vijay Nambiar allowed his astute acumen into immediate placid silence? No one knows why no one responded at the UNO to the pleading frenetic call of Nazibullah on the fateful morning of 3 AM on 28th Sep 1992? No one knows why pugnacious Russian choose to stay silent and let his last Comrade be killed?

Once you erase the history, the civilization crumbles. The Journey of Gandhara into Afghanistan is nothing less than like a termite bitten decay of a civilization where grandeur of the past had been forgotten for the worst.

Afghanistan had been the battle ground for Greek, Huns, Mongols, Arab, Sikh, British and Russian. Every invasion was brutal, bloody and shook the belief. The Original Gandhar traces their belief in Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrian, and Sikhism. Emergence of Islamic tradition has been a medieval phenomenon after a fratricidal war of 200 years. When Russian`s ventured into proud Pashtuns territory in 1979, there prevailed a brief romance with non-believer like communist as well.

Who were these non-believers? And why did they enter Afghanistan?

Afghanistan’s brutal history filled with violence, killing and destruction had witnessed communist movement in the year around 1979 Post the decline of King Zahir Shah in 1973. The Russian were invited by Afghani communist to invade and set up a classless non believer society.

It is ironic that communist who obliterated all cultural, historical and traditional society always claimed to be a governing system for the poor and proletarian class. And so it was in Afghanistan. The Communist from Dec-1979 to Feb-1989, virtually created havoc for the local society. Afghanistan was crushed between Taliban supported by Pakistan and Communist supported by Russians. History witnessed one of the fiercely fought bloodiest battles.  Russian withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, yet continued to supply arms, ammunition and aid to Communist Nazibullah until Dec 1991 until the USSR disintegrated into history.

Between 1989 and 1992, Nazibullah became the face of Communist, and emerged as a ruthless, pitiless and terrible commander. He defeated the Taliban in a couple of battles in 1991 and spared none in consolidating his position. Later on for his murderous venture, one of his trusted cabinet colleagues Wakil called him Butcher of Kabul.

Nazibullah encouraged Dostam, a Tajik commander who was an extended hand of Ahamd Shah Masood against the Taliban. The Taliban were mostly led by Pastun. The failed military frontal adventure of Russians from 1979 to 1989 could also not subdue the motivated Taliban fighter. Finally Russian withdrew in the year Dec-1989 leaving Nazibullah to fend for himself. The friendly Dostam/ Ahmned Shah Masood was providing security cover and stay of Communist at Kabul for exchange of Money. No ideology and tribal brotherhood was left. Anybody could have switched his allegiance to any side at the consideration of money.

The fratricidal war had nearly millions deaths between 1989 and 1992. Almost the entire civil infrastructure and every big building were damaged. War was creeping through all the corners of Kabul.

Disintegration of the USSR in 1991 stopped all aid and assistance. Thereafter governing a resource-less state was near impossible. To fend the country, Nazibullah could arrange some support from central Asian states but finally resigned from the Post of President in April 1992.

The Nazibullah had foreseen the tremor of defector and distrustful allies.  Under extreme duress and insecurity, he contacted the Govt of India through Indian Ambassador Mr Vijay Nambiar for political asylum in India. The then Indian PM Mr Narshimbha Rao though Reluctantly agreed to his proposal and reverted within two days with state consent to his proposal but with a rider that Nazibullah request for asylum should be routed through UN. The camouflaged route of asylum was a veil to display political neutrality of India towards the domestic affair of Afghanistan and avoid direct wrath of Taliban. 

In May 1992 Nazibullah finally agreed to leave Afghanistan for India. There was an astute Indian diplomat Vijay Nambiar, who was overseeing the rescue plan of Nazibullah from Kabul. The entire move was kept secret but within the hearing distance of UNO. There was whisper in the invisible and reluctant power structure of Kabul about the delay Nazibullah had made in evacuating himself. Nazibullah had faith in UNO and also in one of warlord commander Dostan, who was in complete control of Kabul with his militia on the instruction of Ahmed Shah Masood. The government installation, strategic location and airport were all under the control of the Dostam militia. Nazibullah was assured of his departure.

In May 1992, an airplane of undisclosed carrier with seven unknown persons on board was arranged by Indian Spy agency and was waiting for Nazibullah at Kabul airport Termac to evacuate him. The fleet of President Nazibullah proceeded within the security ring and crossed every check point managed by Dostam militia through the silent exchange of disguised symbols and consenting gestures. Things appear to be in control. But fate belied this last communist Nazibullah at the airport where for reasons not known to any one till date, Dostom commander refused to acknowledge and to allow permission to evacuate him.

The astute Indian diplomat Vijay Nambiar who later on rose to a great glory in his International diplomacy career with UNO never revealed what transpired.  Uncharacteristic of Afghan tribal tradition, Dostam turned into a foe in no time. Helpless and frustrated Nazibullah personally intervened to impress the commander. He could see a plane ready to evacuate him. Frozen nerve, suppressed anger, controlled shouting and disguised invective were flung across.

What followed after was a shocking revelation. “He was not killed at the airport”. That was the generosity that Dostam commander could maximum extend to him at the airport. Such was the privy message circulated among the diplomacy through the Dostam group of loyal. Nazibullah was sent back. He had now countable supporters left in the fluid power corridor. Sensing trouble, Nazibullah returned to UNO premises instead of his palace. His trusted cabinet colleague, army commander and until reliable warlord Dostam had declared him as Butcher of Kabul.

Nazibullah stayed in exile within the UNO campus for nearly four and half years. Afghanistan was overseen those days by an all-party government under the arrangement made by UNO.

The Taliban were yet to enter the city. The war in the outskirts of Kabul persisted and it was September 1996, Taliban crushed the depleted Government forces to enter the city. The sun has set for Nazibullah. It was morning 3 AM, the Security Guard of the Ex-President abandoned him. Death was beforehand. A frozen cold, shaken and numb Nazibullah made multiple abortive contact with UNO for his safety. But all in vain. A Taliban commander Noor Hakmal had entered the city Kabul and then UNO premises. He was brutal. He caught Nazibullah by his collar and pumped one bullet in his head, dragged his body through the street of Kabul and finally hanged him alongside his brother Shahpur Ahmadzai on 28th Sep 1996 from the traffic pole in front of the same palatial building, which he once occupied as President.

The dead corpse was hanging before the jubilant Taliban crowd. And within that jubilation, another series of new destruction, death, violence and individual grief were lurking before the Afghani Society.

Yes, the last Communist was hanged and had died by then.

Nathram Godse and memory of 15th Nov 1949

Carrying in his hands a copy of the Bhagavad Gita, the map of undivided (Akhand) Bharat and a Saffron flag, he walked to the gallows. It was 15th Nov 1949 at Ambala jail, where Nathu Ram Godse was hanged. Committed to the belief for his motherland, his last wish was to keep his ashes until the day when Indus River is incorporated into independent India. Imagination dry and words fell short in explaining his belief, love and commitment for Akhand Bharat.

As Nathram Godse was approaching the scaffold, he called out “Akhand Bharat” and Narayan Apte his co companion who was hanged alongside completed – “Amar Rahe”.

Since then, “Godse” has remained a symbol of despicable hate, revenge and condemnation. Fury is such that any association or kinship till date is treated with utter disdain. Establishment under free India created intolerance to the extent that no author or organization could gather courage to evaluate and pen words.

Yes, he was proven guilty of killing no other than Gandhi jee, which he had confessed before the court. Without holding any remorse, guilt and grief, Godse in his justification “Why he killed Gandhi” had presented a 150 points statement before the High court of East Punjab, who in turn awarded him death sentence on 21st June 1949.

We had no Supreme Court in India until 26th Jan 1950 and so permission for appeal was placed before Privy Council by family members of Godse. It was a British law body, who in turn denied grant for appeal against the Judgment in British Federal court. Though India had attained freedom but the Judiciary was yet under British system of hierarchy.

Quoting Justice G D Khosla who was involved in the Gandhi murder case trial. “Concluding his book The Murder of the Mahatma, Khosla wrote, “I have no doubt that had the audience of that day been constituted into a jury and entrusted with the task of deciding Godse’s appeal, they would have brought in a verdict of ‘not guilty’ by an overwhelming majority”. But to quote Godse, his life also came to an end simultaneously with the shots fired by him at Gandhiji. And the reasons for the trial done in secrecy and the authorities’ reluctance to reveal before the public Godse’s replays to the charges leveled against him still remain something enigmatic”.  

Godse’s justification as worded and read by him were replete with poignant words of merit and piercing sentences exposing the hypocrisy for Gandhiji. Over three Millions of Hindus/ Sikh killings, millions of abduction and rape, arsons, displacement and division of nation had shook his conscience. His arguments had the power to demolish the aura of Mahatma around Gandhi. So the trial was conducted in secrecy and no public scrutiny or revelation was permitted by the Government. Till date, the voices of curiosity about the fate of cross examination and arguments have not been obliged by the system. It is left to the Generation to come to evaluate thoroughly and form an informed opinion about Nathuram Godse.

Course of Justice was not completed for another accused Narayan Apte.

Dr Phadnis an advocate in his reply to Supreme Court in 2000 had submitted that the “Gandhi murder trial has not yet attained legal finality.”

Unlike Nathu Ram Godse, Narayan Apte had not confessed to his crime before the court. Yet he underwent a secretly held trial. Forget for an open court hearing, he was denied an appeal, denied a special leave petition by Privy Council and hanged hurriedly on 15th Nov 1949 without waiting for mere 71 days when the Supreme Court was set to be functional from 26th Jan 1950. The collateral casualty of incomplete justice took away the life of two minor children of Narayan Apte. His son died within a year of his execution and another one year old girl could not survive her childhood.

Indian Judicial system had been approached some time back under article 142 to examine the documents and seal the Justice for Narayan Apte which had failed the mandated legality before hanging a convict.

Today is 15th Nov 2020, a day to peep into history to examine and re-introspect the reason and follies of the worst ever bloodshed of partition that was carried on in Bharat. So many innocent lives were lost. Old kingdom perished and a new king emerged.

Cycle of life and death should never be condemned but judged for its accountability and accomplishment for humanity.


Anarchists have held the country and civilized society for ransom. Three events in the last one years should have shaken the conscience of law makers. But it had not.

a)     Shaheen Bagh Protest in Delhi

b)    Desecration of Temple in AP

c)     Farmer Protest at Delhi Border.

In all three occasions, ordinary rule abiding citizen rights have been trampled and the state apparatus remained a mute spectator. The amazing response came from Judiciary who procrastinated its decision until agitations got abated or were withdrawn on call of nature.

Electronic Media made heroes out of villains. They have made money out through rationalizing, normalizing and instigating the agitation. Selling air time through TRP and advertisement is fraud and that has been legalized in our system.

Who is behind these agitations? Everybody knows. Few frustrated failed and discredited political social leaders added by foreign money and secessionist ideology are running the agitation under the grad of democracy and freedom of speech. Name bashing, threatening, putting women, old and children on front and provocative sloganeering are the common street strategy.

The Police and paramilitary are the first and worst casualty. From Judiciary to media followed by Legislative would abuse and accuse police of either inaction or harsh-action, but would never mandate them to civilize these anarchists. Especially if you read the judgments of the judicial system, you can make out the disconnect between law enforcement agencies and law makers.

There is an electronic Media Panchayat every evening which offers a platform to drawing room anarchists to instigate, provoke and rationalize the agitations. All in the name of freedom of speech and democracy. These speakers would take defense of fundamental rights under the constitution without acknowledging any duties to the constitution.

Anarchist crowds can burn private property, damage government establishments and cause physical/ financial distress to ordinary business establishments. But that is ok. There is no accountability in our law book. Nothing happens to these perpetrators. You cannot even name and shame them.  Law of privacy comes to their rescue. And if you insist upon court can penalize you also. Imagine the indifference and shamelessness of Legislative, judiciary and Electronic Media together.

What financial compensation government has paid to Shop-owners whose business has collapsed due to Anti CAA agitation? What compensation Government will offer to Delhi Business entities who have been taken hostage by these so called farmer agitation. And certainly nothing will be discussed. No thought on Justice and symbolic compensation to the desecration of Temple in AP either. 

There is no provision of penalty or compensation. Only Lip service.

Why? Because law abiding citizens are not anarchists. It is nothing but incentivizing an anarchist through a veiled process of law. And all three Judiciary, legislature and Media are equally responsible.

Just look at the trend. During the first five year of PM Modi 2014-19. These anti-social elements staged protests through award Wapsi and insulting the constitutional establishment. In the second term of 2019-24 they are on the street desecrating Hindu temples with impunity, blocking business and ordinary citizen life.

What next? The third term of PM Modi would see street armed protest if the State and Judiciary remain mute spectators like this. The embolden anarchists are testing the nerve and patience.  Some of the Media and NGO are sold in the hands of their foreign wealthy masters.  Every evening they would rationalize the illegality.

Anyone is there to regulate or control them? Impossible! They are holy cows. Do not touch them.

India is the largest and the oldest democracy in the World. Anarchist sole goal is to see this statement turn wrong by dismantling the system and Balkanizing the country.

If Judiciary and Political leadership still remains mute spectator and does not take retributive action against those operating against the interest of the State, generations to come will not forgive them.